Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects how the body processes blood sugar (glucose). It occurs when the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas that regulates blood sugar levels, or when the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin to meet the body's needs.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes, accounting for approximately 90% of all cases. It can develop at any age, but it is most commonly diagnosed in middle-aged and older adults, as well as individuals who are overweight or obese.
Some of the risk factors for type 2 diabetes include a family history of diabetes, sedentary lifestyle, poor diet, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol. Individuals who are overweight or obese are also at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes can include increased thirst, frequent urination, blurred vision, fatigue, slow healing of wounds, and tingling or numbness in the hands or feet. However, some individuals with type 2 diabetes may not experience any symptoms at all.
If left untreated, type 2 diabetes can lead to serious health complications, including cardiovascular disease, kidney damage, nerve damage, and blindness. However, with proper management and treatment, many individuals with type 2 diabetes are able to live healthy and active lives.
Treatment for type 2 diabetes typically involves a combination of lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise and a healthy diet, and medication. Medications used to treat type 2 diabetes include oral medications that help the body use insulin more effectively, and injectable medications such as insulin.
Type 2 diabetes is a serious chronic condition that affects the body's ability to regulate blood sugar levels. It is important to be aware of the risk factors for type 2 diabetes and to seek medical attention if you are experiencing symptoms. With proper management and treatment, many individuals with type 2 diabetes are able to live healthy and active lives.
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